iAchieved.it

Software Development Tips and Tricks

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OpenWrt SNMP Interface Descriptions

If you’re familiar with configuring network gear, you know that a very useful best practice is providing “plain English” descriptions of your device’s ports. For example, on my Cisco SF500-48MP switch port 24 is the “uplink port” to the gateway router. I make this clear in the port’s description:

sw01#show interfaces description fa1/2/24
Port      Description
-------   -----------
fa1/2/24  Uplink to Internet Gateway

By doing so, the ifAlias OID for this interface is set:

snmpget -c public -v2c sw01.iachieved.it IF-MIB::ifAlias.24 
IF-MIB::ifAlias.24 = STRING: Uplink to Internet Gateway

What is particularly nice about this is that a network monitoring tool such as Observium will display the ifAlias string as a part of the description of the port. Like I said, this becomes very useful, particularly when trying to track down where ports lead to.

In the previous post we installed SNMP on an OpenWrt router and surfaced it in Observium. By default the snmpd package doesn’t present any information for ifAlias, but we can fix that with snmpset.

Permitting snmpset Access

snmpset will make use of the SNMP private community on our OpenWrt (note: if you were working in a production environment you might consider using SNMP v3 with authentication or at the very least changing your community strings). By default the OpenWrt SNMP configuration only permits use of the private community from localhost (i.e., the router itself). We’ll change that to permit access from our private subnet:

Find this section in your /etc/config/snmpd file

config com2sec private
    option secname rw
    option source localhost
    option community private

and change the option source like this:

option source 192.168.77.0/24

Obviously you’ll use the appropriate subnet in your configuration.

Restart snmpd on the router with /etc/init.d/snmpd restart.

Updating ifAlias

To update the appropriate ifAlias entries we need to see the ifDescr list. This can be obtained by walking ifDescr with snmpwalk:

snmpwalk  -c public -v2c gw.gw01.chcgil01.iachieved.it ifDescr
IF-MIB::ifDescr.1 = STRING: lo
IF-MIB::ifDescr.2 = STRING: eth1
IF-MIB::ifDescr.3 = STRING: eth0
IF-MIB::ifDescr.5 = STRING: wlan0
IF-MIB::ifDescr.6 = STRING: wlan1
IF-MIB::ifDescr.7 = STRING: br-lan
IF-MIB::ifDescr.8 = STRING: eth0.1
IF-MIB::ifDescr.9 = STRING: eth1.2
IF-MIB::ifDescr.10 = STRING: eth0.100
IF-MIB::ifDescr.11 = STRING: eth1.3
IF-MIB::ifDescr.12 = STRING: eth1.4

In our Chicago router example let’s label the three interfaces that are OSPF links to other routers:

  • eth1.2 is a link to gw01.dnvrco01
  • eth1.3 is a link to gw01.atlaga01
  • eth1.4 is a link to gw01.dllstx01

From the output of ifDescr we can see that

  • eth1.2 will map to ifAlias.9
  • eth1.3 will map to ifAlias.11
  • eth1.4 will map to ifAlias.12

So let’s set those ifAlias strings!

# snmpset -c private -v2c gw.gw01.chcgil01.iachieved.it ifAlias.9 string "OSPF Link to gw01.dnvrco01"
IF-MIB::ifAlias.9 = STRING: OSPF Link to gw01.dnvrco01
# snmpset -c private -v2c gw.gw01.chcgil01.iachieved.it ifAlias.11 string "OSPF Link to gw01.atlaga01"
IF-MIB::ifAlias.11 = STRING: OSPF Link to gw01.atlaga01
# snmpset -c private -v2c gw.gw01.chcgil01.iachieved.it ifAlias.12 string "OSPF Link to gw01.dllstx01"
IF-MIB::ifAlias.12 = STRING: OSPF Link to gw01.dllstx01

The Catch

The problem with this approach is its persistence – reboot your router and watch those interface descriptions bite the dust. But no worries, the fix is simple.

Go back to /etc/config/snmpd and change your private community to accept interaction from localhost (in other words, what it was originally!):

config com2sec private
    option secname rw
    option source localhost
    option community private

Restart snmpd with /etc/init.d/snmpd restart.

On the router we’re going to edit /etc/rc.local and before exit 0 put:

# Wait for snmpd to accept connections
/bin/sleep 5

/usr/bin/snmpset -c private -v2c localhost ifAlias.9 string "OSPF Link to gw01.dnvrco01" > /tmp/snmpset.log
/usr/bin/snmpset -c private -v2c localhost ifAlias.11 string "OSPF Link to gw01.atlaga01" >> /tmp/snmpset.log
/usr/bin/snmpset -c private -v2c localhost ifAlias.12 string "OSPF Link to gw01.dllstx01" >> /tmp/snmpset.log

I have not optimized the /bin/sleep at this point, but without it snmpset will be talking to an snmpd daemon that isn’t ready. Trust me.

You can now reboot the router and the custom interface descriptions will survive.

Wrapping Up

Why did we go to all the trouble of creating descriptions (aliases) for our OpenWrt interfaces? Again, monitoring tools such as Observium will take those descriptions and apply them to your UI.

At a glance I can quickly see, for example, that eth1.2 is the interface being used for OSPF with gw01.dnvrco01. That information is incredibly useful when working with dozens (or more) links.

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